What does PTZ Camera mean?

We previously discussed what is a PTZ security camera. These security cameras are one of the most popular options available. To know the specific features we must first mention what a PTZ camera means.

One question that you might ask are PTZ cameras worth it? You may have more options if you check this best outdoor PTZ security camera article we’ve created. 

Meaning of a PTZ Camera

PTZ camera on the wall

Before mentioning the real meaning of this type of camera we should consider the functionalities of cameras in general. Cameras that are installed in specific places allow you to obtain certain protection and security. This provides surveillance In those places where surveillance people are not around all the time.

Security cameras can also provide much more comprehensive surveillance by being in different locations at the same time. Not all security cameras have the ability to move and have the same functions. Some security cameras are much more innovative and efficient than others.

The level of efficiency and innovation is not only found in the resolution or images that each camera can provide. Efficiency can also be found specifically in the mobility that each camera can provide. This is exactly what a PTZ camera is all about. A PTZ camera stands for a pan-tilt-zoom camera.

These acronyms indicate the main functions that these security cameras can offer. This type of security camera can move horizontally and vertically. This can be very useful to be able to cover the surveillance of large areas of land.

These security cameras can be found in large mansions, inside buildings, or in many streets and avenues of major cities. The ability of these security cameras to move allows them to cover the surveillance of larger areas of land or space.

This type of security camera can also offer zoom. All of this requires a video surveillance person to be present. These functions are specifically available in remote surveillance. We can also find different security cameras with similar specific motion configurations. 


When we come across this type of camera we also find three main functions:

  • Pan Function: To have a wider range and coverage capacity the pan function allows the camera to move to the left or the right. This is how a larger area can be covered and much more efficient surveillance can be achieved. This pan function can reach 360°. (1)
  • Tilt Function: To complement the coverage offered by the pan function, the tilt function allows the camera to move down and up. This means that the movement capability of a PTZ camera is one of the widest. The tilt function allows the movement of a camera to be increased by up to 180°.
  • Zoom Function: This function allows the camera lens to be adjusted when using optical zoom. At the cost of lower image quality, the focal length allows zooming in and out. It is possible to include a digital zoom that works in combination with software. (2)


A PTZ camera is one of the most efficient solutions when it comes to monitoring different areas. These security cameras make it possible to optimize the budgets allocated to a site’s surveillance system. In all those places where two or more cameras were required, it is possible to use only one security camera.

Where previously two cameras were required to focus on two different locations, a PTZ camera can move its focus to the same two locations. It is a security camera that has become very popular for optimizing the safety and security of people.


(1) 360° – https://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2002-02/who-determined-circle-should-be-divided-360-degrees/
(2) optical zoom – https://www.masterclass.com/articles/whats-the-difference-between-optical-zoom-and-digital-zoom

About John Fox

ebbb364ee14268bd3b77496cab3d1d78?s=90&d=mm&r=gJohn Fox has worked as a security consultant for over 20 years. During his time in the industry, he's learned about what it takes to ensure your home and family are always safe.

With Safe Now, he's taken those two decades of experience and decided to share it with others to help them figure out how to make the right choices for their businesses and families.

John writes tips and guides to prevent crimes, as well as product recommendations, and tips for what to do in case of an emergency and how to protect yourself at all times.